Cervical cancer

Cervical Cancer is abnormal growth of the cervical cells. The cervix (is the lower part of uterus). Cervical cancer can affect any woman and especially between 20’s and 50’s.

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
  • Smoking
  • Recurrent cervical infections.
  • Family history of cervical cancer.
  • Having given birth to three or more children.
  • Using birth control pills for a long time.
  • Lack of screening
  1. Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  2. Abnormal vaginal discharge
  3. Pelvic pain
  4. Pain during intercourse
Signs and Symptoms
  • Pap test
  • HPV test
  • HPV vaccine (starting from age of 15 years).
  • Stop smoking
  • Eat healthy
  • Be active

Cervical cancer often does not cause symptoms until it is advanced, so it is important to start the early detection tests regularly even when you feel healthy. Cervical cancer can be early detected by Pap test.

What is Pap test?

The Pap test?

is a simple test can be done by your doctor; the best time to do the test is 10-14 days of the first day of the period.

When?

  • After 3 years of marriage, if the age is 21 years or above: first Pap test
  • After first Pap test until the age of 65 years: every 3 years.
  • After the age of 65: stop if the last 3 Pap tests are normal.
+ Risk factors
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
  • Smoking
  • Recurrent cervical infections.
  • Family history of cervical cancer.
  • Having given birth to three or more children.
  • Using birth control pills for a long time.
  • Lack of screening
+ Early signs and symptoms
  1. Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  2. Abnormal vaginal discharge
  3. Pelvic pain
  4. Pain during intercourse
Signs and Symptoms
+ Prevention
  • Pap test
  • HPV test
  • HPV vaccine (starting from age of 15 years).
  • Stop smoking
  • Eat healthy
  • Be active
+ Screening

Cervical cancer often does not cause symptoms until it is advanced, so it is important to start the early detection tests regularly even when you feel healthy. Cervical cancer can be early detected by Pap test.

What is Pap test?

The Pap test?

is a simple test can be done by your doctor; the best time to do the test is 10-14 days of the first day of the period.

When?

  • After 3 years of marriage, if the age is 21 years or above: first Pap test
  • After first Pap test until the age of 65 years: every 3 years.
  • After the age of 65: stop if the last 3 Pap tests are normal.

Last reviewed in November 2017